Weeping Begonia: A Comprehensive Guide


Weeping Begonia, also known as Begonia ‘Lucerna,’ is a stunning flowering plant that captivates gardeners and plant enthusiasts with its elegant, cascading blooms and lush foliage. Originating from tropical and subtropical regions, this plant has become a favorite in both indoor and outdoor gardening due to its unique appearance and relatively easy care requirements. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the origins, characteristics, cultivation, care, and various uses of Weeping Begonia, offering valuable insights for both novice and experienced gardeners.

Origins and History

Weeping Begonia belongs to the Begoniaceae family, which includes over 1,800 species of flowering plants. The genus Begonia is named after Michel Bégon, a French governor of Haiti and a patron of botany. The species has a rich history, with many varieties being cultivated for their ornamental value. Weeping Begonia, in particular, has gained popularity for its graceful, pendulous flowers that create a dramatic effect in any garden setting.

Discovery and Cultivation

The Weeping Begonia was first discovered in tropical regions of South America, particularly in Brazil. Its unique appearance caught the attention of botanists and horticulturists, leading to its cultivation in Europe and North America. Over time, hybridization efforts have resulted in several cultivars, each with distinct features, further enhancing its appeal among plant enthusiasts.

Characteristics of Weeping Begonia


Weeping Begonia is renowned for its striking appearance. The plant features long, arching stems adorned with clusters of pendulous flowers. The flowers can range in color from delicate pinks and whites to vibrant reds and oranges, depending on the cultivar. The foliage is equally attractive, with large, asymmetrical leaves that are often glossy and may have various patterns and colors, including shades of green, bronze, and burgundy.

Growth Habit

This Begonia species has a cascading growth habit, making it ideal for hanging baskets, window boxes, and elevated planters. It typically grows to a height of 12-18 inches (30-45 cm) and spreads out to cover a similar width. The plant’s stems are succulent, storing water and nutrients, which contributes to its resilience and relatively low maintenance needs.

Blooming Season

Weeping Begonia is a prolific bloomer, producing flowers from late spring through early fall. In optimal conditions, it can continue to bloom intermittently throughout the year. The flowers are long-lasting, providing continuous color and visual interest in the garden or home.

Cultivation and Propagation

Ideal Growing Conditions

To successfully cultivate Weeping Begonia, it is essential to replicate its natural habitat as closely as possible. This plant thrives in warm, humid environments with indirect light.

  • Light: Weeping Begonia prefers bright, indirect light. Direct sunlight can scorch the leaves and flowers, while too little light can result in poor growth and flowering. Placing the plant near an east or west-facing window is ideal.
  • Temperature: This plant thrives in temperatures between 60-75°F (15-24°C). It is sensitive to cold and should be protected from drafts and sudden temperature changes.
  • Humidity: High humidity levels are essential for Weeping Begonia. Misting the plant regularly or placing it on a humidity tray can help maintain adequate moisture levels.

Soil and Potting

Weeping Begonia requires well-draining, fertile soil. A mix of peat moss, perlite, and potting soil is ideal for ensuring good drainage while retaining enough moisture for the plant’s roots. When potting, choose a container with drainage holes to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot.


Proper watering is crucial for the health of Weeping Begonia. The soil should be kept consistently moist but not soggy. Water the plant thoroughly when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Reduce watering in the winter months when the plant’s growth slows down.


Weeping Begonia benefits from regular feeding during its growing season. Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every two to four weeks from spring through fall. Avoid over-fertilizing, as this can cause leaf burn and inhibit flowering.


Weeping Begonia can be propagated through stem cuttings or leaf cuttings.

  • Stem Cuttings: Take a 4-6 inch (10-15 cm) cutting from a healthy stem, remove the lower leaves, and place the cutting in a glass of water or a pot with moist soil. Roots should develop within a few weeks, at which point the cutting can be potted in its own container.
  • Leaf Cuttings: Select a healthy leaf and cut it into sections, each with a main vein. Place the sections on moist soil, ensuring the veins are in contact with the soil. Keep the soil moist and within a few weeks, new plantlets should emerge.

Care and Maintenance


Regular pruning helps maintain the shape and health of Weeping Begonia. Remove any dead or yellowing leaves and spent flowers to encourage new growth. Pruning also helps improve air circulation around the plant, reducing the risk of fungal diseases.

Pests and Diseases

Weeping Begonia is susceptible to common pests such as aphids, spider mites, and whiteflies. Regularly inspect the plant for signs of infestation and treat with insecticidal soap or neem oil if necessary. The plant can also be prone to fungal diseases like powdery mildew and botrytis. Ensuring proper air circulation and avoiding overhead watering can help prevent these issues.


In colder climates, Weeping Begonia should be brought indoors before the first frost. Place the plant in a bright, warm location and reduce watering. Alternatively, the plant can be treated as an annual and replaced each year.

Uses of Weeping Begonia

Ornamental Value

Weeping Begonia is primarily grown for its ornamental value. Its cascading habit and vibrant flowers make it a standout addition to hanging baskets, window boxes, and patio containers. The plant also works well as a focal point in shaded garden beds and borders.

Indoor Gardening

Weeping Begonia is an excellent choice for indoor gardening. Its preference for indirect light makes it suitable for bright rooms with filtered sunlight. The plant’s elegant appearance can enhance the aesthetic of living rooms, offices, and other indoor spaces.

Companion Planting

Weeping Begonia pairs well with other shade-loving plants such as ferns, hostas, and impatiens. Its cascading habit provides a striking contrast to the upright growth of these companion plants, creating a dynamic and visually appealing garden design.

Weeping Begonia
Weeping Begonia


Weeping Begonia is a versatile and beautiful plant that brings color and elegance to any garden or indoor space. With its cascading blooms, lush foliage, and relatively easy care requirements, it is a favorite among gardeners and plant enthusiasts. By providing the right growing conditions and attentive care, you can enjoy the beauty of Weeping Begonia throughout the year. Whether you are a novice gardener or an experienced horticulturist, this plant is sure to add charm and interest to your plant collection.

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